The Difference Between Stock Split & Bonus: Understanding Key Distinctions

The Difference Between Stock Split & Bonus: Understanding Key Distinctions

Bonus issues and stock splits are two distinct strategies employed by companies to impact the value of their shares. Although they both involve increasing the number of shares held by investors, they serve different purposes and have varying implications. A bonus issue, also known as a bonus share or stock dividend, entails the distribution of additional shares to existing shareholders at no cost. Its primary goal is to reward shareholders by increasing their share quantity without altering their proportionate ownership in the company. 

On the other hand, a stock split involves dividing existing shares into multiple shares, effectively reducing the price per share. The purpose of a stock split is to enhance share market liquidity and make the shares more affordable for individual investors. While both mechanisms can influence the market price and liquidity of a company's stock, understanding the stock split vs bonus  is crucial for investors seeking to make informed decisions.

Here's a table highlighting the difference between stock split and bonus

Point of ComparisonStock Split Bonus Issues
Purpose

Enhance market liquidity and make the shares more affordable for individual



 

Reward shareholders by increasing their share quantity without altering


 

Dividend Impactadditional funding from the companyBonus issues are often funded through accumulated profits or reserves, which can result in a reduction of available
Mechanism

Existing shares are divided into multiple shares



 

Additional shares are issued to existing shareholders for free



 

Investor PerceptionStock splits are often viewed as a positive signal, indicating that the company's shares are performing well.

Bonus issues may be seen as a signal of the company's financial strength


 

Dilution of Earning

Stock splits do not directly impact the earning per shares since the proportionate ownership  remains unchanged.


 

Bonus issues can dilute the earnings per share as the company's profits are distributed across a large number of shares.



 


 

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Table of Content

  1. Here's a table highlighting the difference between stock split and bonus
  2. Market Perception and Investor Sentiment
  3. Investor Accessibility and Affordability:
  4. Long Term Implications
  5. Conclusion

Market Perception and Investor Sentiment

The market perception and investor sentiment surrounding bonus issues and stock splits can influence the behaviour of market participants. Bonus issues are often perceived as a distribution of the company's accumulated profits or reserves, rewarding existing shareholders. This gesture may be seen as a positive signal of the company's financial strength and potential for future growth. It can generate a sense of confidence and optimism among investors, potentially attracting increased interest in the company's stock.

On the other hand, stock splits are typically viewed as a positive signal by investors. They are interpreted as an indication of the company's confidence in its future prospects. Stock splits are often perceived as a sign of positive momentum and may be associated with increased liquidity and demand for the stock.

Investor Accessibility and Affordability:

One of the primary purposes of both bonus issues and stock splits is to make shares more accessible and affordable to a wider range of investors. Bonus issues achieve this by increasing the number of shares held by each investor without changing their ownership percentage. The increase in share quantity can make the stock more accessible to retail investors who may have lower capital available for investment. Stock splits directly reduce the price per share, making them more affordable for individual investors. This affordability can attract a broader investor base and potentially increase demand for the stock.

Long Term Implications

When evaluating bonus issues and stock splits, it is important to consider their long-term implications. Bonus issues primarily affect the number of shares held by investors, without altering their ownership percentage. The increase in share quantity can potentially enhance liquidity but does not inherently impact the fundamental value of the investment. Stock splits, similarly, do not directly impact the underlying value of the investment. However, both bonus issues and stock splits can generate positive sentiments and attract investor interest, potentially leading to increased demand for the stock in the long run. Click here to know When Bonus Shares are Credited in Demat Account?

Conclusion

The fundamental difference between a stock split and  bonus issue lies in their respective mechanisms and outcomes. A stock split involves dividing existing shares into multiple shares, resulting in a decrease in the share price while increasing the number of shares held by investors.

While both mechanisms involve increasing the number of shares held by investors, they differ in their underlying mechanics, purpose, and implications.

Bonus issues involve the distribution of additional shares to existing shareholders free of cost. Their primary purpose is to reward shareholders by increasing their share quantity without altering their ownership percentage. Bonus issues are often seen as a signal of a company's financial strength and potential for future growth. They can generate positive sentiments among investors and enhance the investor-company relationship. Take control of your investments and unlock your full trading potential with blinkX trading App.


 

What is the difference between stock split And bonus FAQs

A bonus issue, also known as a bonus share or stock dividend, refers to the distribution of additional shares to existing shareholders of a company, free of cost. It increases the share quantity held by investors without altering their ownership percentage.

A stock split is a corporate action that involves dividing existing shares of a company into multiple shares. The primary purpose is to reduce the price per share, making it more affordable and accessible for individual investors.

A stock split involves dividing existing shares into multiple shares, whereas a bonus issue refers to the distribution of additional shares to existing shareholders.

Bonus issues can result in a proportionate decrease in the market price per share, reflecting the increased number of shares outstanding. 

Both bonus issues and stock splits increase the number of shares held by investors without changing their ownership percentage in the company. Shareholders maintain their proportional stake in the company despite the increase in share quantity.