What is Stock Split?

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What is Stock Split?

A stock split is a corporate operation in which the current shares of a firm are divided into several shares. This is normally accomplished by raising the number of shares remaining in the market by issuing extra shares to the current shareholders about their current shareholding. Although the number of outstanding shares rises and the price per share falls, the company's overall worth stays the same.

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Table of Content

  1. What is Stock Split?
  2. Understanding Stock Split
  3. A stock split may have the following effects on different stakeholders:
  4. Dates important to a stock split
  5. Conclusion
  6. What is the stock split of FAQ

Understanding Stock Split

Publicly traded corporations in India and across the world frequently split their shares. A stock split's primary goals are to lower the cost of the company's shares for shareholders and boost market liquidity. SEBI, or the Securities and Exchange Board of India, is in charge of overseeing stock splits in India.

Consider this as an illustration

ABC Ltd., which has 1,000,000 outstanding shares and is now trading for Rs. 1 per share. As a result, the company has a total market value of Rs. 1,000,000,000 (1,000,000 shares x Rs. 1,000 per share).

The overall amount of shares available would increase to 2,000,000 if ABC Ltd. announced a 2-for-1 stock split, and the share price would drop to Rs. 500 per share. Yet, the company's overall market capitalization would stay at Rs. 1,000,000,000 (2,000,000 shares x Rs. 500 per share).

Therefore, if you had 100 shares of ABC Ltd. stock before the stock split, you would subsequently own 200 shares (100 x 2) following the split. The value of the stock would be cut in half to Rs. 500 per share, but the investment's overall worth remains the same.

A stock split may have the following effects on different stakeholders:

1. Shareholders

A stock split often increases the number of shares that current shareholders own. In a 2-for-1 stock split, for instance, owners would get an extra share for every share they already possess. Although this does not affect the ultimate worth of their investment, it helps to make the shares more liquid and more accessible to ordinary investors. A stock split may also be viewed by certain investors as an indication of the company's potential for growth, which could boost their trust in the stock.

2. Market liquidity

By making shares more accessible to individual investors, a stock split can boost the marketability of a company's stock. This can result in more trading activity, which might stabilize the stock value and lessen fluctuations. A higher trading volume may also draw greater numbers of institutional investors to the company, enhancing price discovery and boosting liquidity.

3. Per-share metrics

A stock split changes price-to-earnings ratios and EPS, but it has no effect on a company's overall value. In a 2-for-1 stock split, the number of remaining shares doubles and the share price is cut in half. This implies that the EPS and P/E ratios will likewise be cut in half. These indicators should be analyzed alongside other variables because they are not an accurate measure of the financial condition of a business.

4. Options and derivatives

Contracts for choices and derivatives that are dependent on the company's shares may be impacted by a stock split. The contract conditions will often be changed to reflect the revised share count as well as the cost per share. For instance, after a 2-for-1 stock split, an option to call that grants the holder the right to purchase 100 shares of a corporation at $50 per share would be changed to grant the holder the right to purchase 200 shares at $25 per share.

5. Investor sentiment

An announcement that an organization's financial results and future growth prospects are improving can result in a stock split, which can boost confidence among investors and enthusiasm for the company's shares. In the short run, this may result in a rise in the stock's demand and share price. A stock split might not be sufficient to maintain a long-term rise in share price, while investor mood is liable to shift depending on several variables.

Dates important to a stock split

  • The corporation searches its records on the "record date" to determine whether shareholders are qualified for a stock split.
  • The ex-split date is the first day the stock trades at the newly revised split price.
  • On the first trading day following the record date, the divisional shares will be issued to the present shareholders with the new ISIN.


A stock split is a business venture in which a corporation divides its outstanding shares into numerous shares, increasing the number of shares outstanding while lowering the price per share. The total worth of the business stays the same, but as more shares are issued, they become more accessible to individual investors, and the market becomes more liquid. Shareholders, market liquidity, per-share measures, choices, and derivatives, which are investor sentiment, are just a few of the stakeholders that a stock split may affect in different ways. The ex-split date and the transaction date are significant dates in a stock split. In general, publicly traded corporations frequently divide their shares, which are governed by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).


*Terms & conditions apply. This is an informational message from blinkX and is not intended to be an investment recommendation. Securities market investments are exposed to market risks; before investing, thoroughly read all pertinent documentation.

What is the stock split of FAQ

Can a business make a stock split announcement whenever it pleases?

Yes, a firm may at any time declare a stock split. The choice to split a share of stock, however, is often decided by the board of directors of the company and is frequently based on elements including the present share price, the total number of shares in circulation, and the firm's growth prospects.

Do stock splits have any tax repercussions for shareholders?

No, a stock split has no tax repercussions for stockholders. They continue to own the same amount of stock overall, and they are exempt from paying taxes on the extra shares they get.

Do all corporations with a publicly traded stock split their shares?

No, not all corporations with stock exchanges split their shares. The board of directors of the firm normally decides whether to split stock depending on several considerations; however, some businesses may decide not to divide their stock at all.

Can the market capitalization of a firm be impacted by a stock split?

The market capitalization of a firm is not affected by a stock split. Although there are more shares in circulation and the value per share drops, the company's overall worth stays the same.