Understanding Floating Stock In The Share Market

Understanding Floating Stock In The Share Market

Investing in the stock market is a dynamic and complex process in which investors seek to grow their wealth. To successfully navigate this market, it is imperative to understand key concepts like floating shares definition and their significance. 

Floating stock is one of the most important factors in determining a company's liquidity and volatility to investors. In this article, we will examine the meaning of floating stock, explore what is low float stock and high float stock, and consider the importance of assessing low and high float stocks.

What Is Floating Stock?

To better understand the floating stock meaning, let's look at some other related terms. There are three important terms related to a company's stock: outstanding shares, floating shares, and authorised shares. 

A company's outstanding shares are the shares issued and actively held by shareholders. The authorised shares are a broader term; it considers the stock options provided to certain employees. After understanding outstanding shares and authorised shares, you may wonder what is floating stock meaning. The floating shares definition refers to the total number of shares available for trading in the open market.

In the Share market, the float stocks of a company can be determined by removing restricted and closely held shares from outstanding shares. Most listed companies have large percentages of stock held by significant shareholders, insiders, and employees. Generally, these shares are held for a long time and are not traded frequently. Sometimes, a certain number of shares can be temporarily restricted from trading. Also, shares of this type are considered restricted shares.

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Table of Content

  1. What Is Floating Stock?
  2. Understanding The Floating Stock Meaning
  3. What is Low-Float Stocks And High-Float Stocks
  4. Importance Of Floating Stocks
  5. Conclusion

Understanding The Floating Stock Meaning

The floating shares definition refers to the number of shares that are available for trading on the stock exchanges. A floating stock shows how many shares are left in a company, not restricted or closely held shares.

Moreover, sellers are less likely to buy from a company with a low floating stock. Therefore, investors may have difficulty finding buyers or sellers for such companies. Low floating stock companies are usually penny stocks that are more volatile than high floating stocks.

However, a company's floating stock does not remain the same over time because the company has the option of issuing additional shares to raise funds. In addition, if a company buys back its open market shares, its floating stock will decrease. Now, let’s understand in detail what is low float stocks and high-float stocks in the floating stock market.

What is Low-Float Stocks And High-Float Stocks

High float stocks and low float stocks in India are two important terms in the floating stock market. Low float stocks in India mean the company's outstanding shares are less available for trading on the open market because insiders own more of the shares. This indicates that other buyers and sellers may not be interested in purchasing or selling these stocks. 

In the absence of buyers and sellers, the stock's volatility increases, which is not good for investors. A company with low float stocks in India may also have lower liquidity periods than one with a high stock float.

The term high stock float is also found in the floating stock market; it describes the company's outstanding shares being available in the open market and is the opposite of low float stocks. There are more buyers and sellers of these stocks in the open market, so there is less volatility in high float stocks. Also, the high liquidity periods make it more attractive to stock investors than low stock floats.

Importance Of Floating Stocks

Floating stock is an important factor in determining how many shares are available for trading in a company. In companies with low floating stocks, investors know there will be limited trading activity, causing the stock to be volatile and less liquid. Because of the low number of floating stocks, investors only invest after understanding that they may have difficulty exiting their positions, and the share price may fluctuate dramatically, causing them to lose money.

A company's number of floating stocks is always researched in advance by institutional investors and large financial companies. Because they don't want to invest their money in stocks with less liquidity and wider bid-ask spreads, they avoid low-liquidity stocks. Additionally, institutional investors that do not calculate the floating stock can lose a lot of money due to the high volatility of stocks with low floats.

Moreover, since these entities invest a large amount of money, they can have a significant impact on low-float stocks since there is little trading activity. Thus, they identify companies with high liquidity and lower volatility by calculating floating stock.


The floating stock market determines whether shares are available for trading on the open market. Investors need to understand the floating stock meaning to assess a company's liquidity and volatility. Moreover, low-float stocks are more volatile and have lower liquidity, while high-float stocks are more stable and attract a wider range of investors. 

Additionally, you can navigate the stock market better with the blinkX share market app. With blinkX, you can track stock performance, monitor market trends, and make informed investment decisions using real-time market data, news, and analytical tools.

Floating Stock FAQs

Company shares that are available for public trading are called floating stocks. On the other hand, non-floating stock refers to shares of a company that can't be traded publicly. Non-floating stock is often called "restricted stock" since it can't be sold on the open market until it meets certain restrictions or holding periods.


Stock with a high float indicates the company has a large number of outstanding shares that can be traded on the open market

Low stock float means there are fewer shares available for trading on the open market because insiders own more stocks

Low stock float is considered a bad metric by major investors. But some marketers are looking for these stocks because they believe the company will do well in the future and the price will go up. Remember, these decisions should only be made after a lot of research and carry a lot of risk. In the near future, marketers might find it hard to sell these stocks because of stock volatility.


The floating stock offers the benefits of knowing its volatility and liquidity as well as how many shares of the company are publicly traded.