Final Dividend: Definition, Advantages, Disadvantages, Vs. Interim

Final Dividend: Definition, Advantages, Disadvantages, Vs. Interim

Dividends are only one of the numerous advantages of stock trading or stock investment. The portion of earnings that the firm distributes evenly to its shareholders is known as a dividend. Although a dividend is not required, businesses use it as a way to thank their shareholders for making investments in the company, payouts come in a variety of forms, including interim, special, regular, and final payouts. In this article, learn final dividend meaning, its advantages and disadvantages and a lot more. 

What is the Final Dividend? 

In the share market, the final dividend is the one that a company's board of directors declares following the release of its annual financial reports. The board of directors tends to be conservative in setting the amount of any interim dividends that are issued because it is uncertain of the total amount of cash that will be available for distribution to shareholders until the final results are available for the full year. As a result, the final dividend is typically higher than any interim dividends that may have been issued during the fiscal year.

The final dividend payment is normally announced to the public at the annual shareholders' meeting and is a defined amount per share of common stock. Typically, this is a cash distribution rather than a stock dividend.

Analysts may predict the final dividend amount, or even firm management may include it in its own profits forecasts; in this instance, the actual final dividend amount that is ultimately decided upon is frequently referred to as the adjusted final dividend or the revised final dividend.

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Table of Content

  1. What is the Final Dividend? 
  2. What Distinguishes a Final Dividend from an Interim Dividend?
  3. Accounting for the Final Dividend
  4. Benefits of Final Dividend
  5. Drawbacks of Final Dividend
  6. Conclusion

What Distinguishes a Final Dividend from an Interim Dividend?

Final and interim dividends are both paid to investors as a return on their investment, but there are some significant distinctions between the two. The final dividend meaning differs from interim dividend.  So let's examine the distinctions between the interim and final payout.

  • The midpoint of the fiscal year marks the announcement and payment of the interim dividend. The final dividend, on the other hand, is paid following the conclusion of the fiscal year.
  • Before the accounts are closed, the interim dividend is announced. The final dividend, in contrast, is paid upon the completion of the accounting.
  • An interim dividend may be revoked with the approval of the shareholder. However, once authorised, the year-end dividend cannot be changed, and the Company is then obligated to pay the dividend.
  • In most cases, the interim dividend is lower than the year-end payout.
  • A provision in the Company's articles of association is essential for an interim dividend, but not for a year-end payout.

Year-end dividends are another name for final payouts. The phrase "final" should not be confused with the company's last dividend payment, as it no longer applies. A payment of this type is known as a liquidation dividend. 

A liquidation dividend is a sort of payment made by the company when it ceases operations and distributes to the shareholders any money or capital leftover following the sale of its assets and payment of all outstanding debts and other liabilities. While the year-end dividend is paid from operating earnings, the liquidation dividends are paid from the company's capital base.

Accounting for the Final Dividend

Any dividends, including interim dividends, will be shown under income on the profit and loss account. Dividends are typically subtracted from the reserves and surplus on the balance sheet, whether they are interim or final if paid. The whole dividend amount that has been declared and will be paid by management on the date that the board of directors declares the dividend is debited from the shareholder's equity account, which holds our retained earnings.

The identical amount is credited to the portion of the current liabilities account that represents the dividend payable. On this day, the cash portion of the asset account will be credited and the current liability account, which previously held the dividend payable section, will be debited.

Benefits of Final Dividend

Receiving a final dividend has several benefits, such as: 

  • Compared to interim dividends, which are beneficial to firm shareholders, it is more substantial.
  • The shareholder side is quite confident in a company that pays dividends because they view the company as one that creates value.
  • Investors will be ready to invest in such firms since it demonstrates the stability of the business.
  • The temporary extra cash generated by the company is used by the shareholders as a distribution of the profit.

Drawbacks of Final Dividend

For companies that regularly pay dividends, the idea of a final dividend is incorrect since it is probable that these companies already have a dividend policy in place that calls for a constant or gradually rising payout amount over time. 

A business might draw income-seeking investors who count on a continuous dividend source by consistently providing dividends. From an investor relations standpoint, it makes no sense in this situation to continuously alter the dividend amount over time, as is suggested by the final dividend notion.


In this article, we discovered how the final dividend differs from the interim payout. Also we mentioned about the benefits and drawbacks of declaring a final dividend, as well as how it affects the business and the shareholders. In conclusion, paying out final dividends to shareholders is always a smart move by the firm since it encourages them to invest their hard-earned money. In order to assist you keep track of your share, the blinkX share market app also offers real-time market data, news updates, and analysis.

Final Dividend FAQs

The last dividend payment made by a firm during a fiscal year is referred to as a final dividend. It stands for the transfer of a portion of the company's earnings to the shareholders.

Before the final payout is declared throughout the fiscal year, interim dividends are paid. Usually, their compensation is determined by the company's interim financial results

If they were holding shares on the record date as announced during the AGM, every shareholder is eligible to receive the final dividend.

Ordinary shareholders must approve a resolution that is consistent with the company's practice of declaring the final dividend following auditor approval of the financial statements at the annual general meeting.

Dividends are an asset for shareholders since they raise their net worth by the dividend amount.