What are illiquid stocks

Illiquid Stocks Meaning, Key indicators, Tips and Risks

Liquidity is a crucial factor to take into account when investing. The capacity for buying or selling an item promptly, fairly, and without significantly changing its price is referred to as liquidity. Illiquid equities are ones that have little trading activity on the stock market, which indicates that there aren't many buyers and sellers there. Illiquid stocks will be covered in this article, along with their definition, history, and potential impact on your investment approach.

It can be challenging to buy or sell illiquid stocks quickly and at a fair price because they are not actively traded, which indicates that there is little demand for them. Illiquid stocks tend to be defined by a low volume of trading, and the bid-ask spread could be wide. A bid-ask spread is the distinction between the highest amount that a buyer is willing to pay to earn a stock (bid) and the lowest price a seller is willing to pay.

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Table of Content

  1. Illiquid Stocks Meaning, Key indicators, Tips and Risks
  2. Some key indicators that can help investors identify illiquid stocks
  3. Tips That Can Help Investors Buy Illiquid Stocks
  4. Risks Involved In Investing In Illiquid Stocks
  5. Conclusion on illiquid stocks
  6. Illiquid Stocks FAQS

Some key indicators that can help investors identify illiquid stocks

Here are some key indicators on illiquid stocks.

Trading Volume: One of the most important indicators of a stock's liquidity is its trading volume. Low trading volume stocks are frequently regarded as being illiquid. Stocks can often be categorised as illiquid if their average daily trading volume is less than 10,000 shares. On the official site of the stock exchange or via numerous financial news websites, investors can view the volume of trading of a stock.

The Bid-Ask Spread: It is the variation between the highest price a buyer is ready to pay for a stock (the bid) and the lowest price a seller is willing to take is known as the bid-ask spread. Since there are less buyers as well as sellers in the market, a large bid-ask spread may be a sign that the stock is not very liquid. On the trading platform of their broker, investors can view the bid-ask spread for a particular stock.

Market capitalization: The sum of a company's remaining shares is its market capitalization. Low market capitalization stocks are frequently regarded as illiquid since they may lack enough market presence. Stocks with a market capitalization of under Rs. 500 crore can typically be categorized as illiquid..

Price volatility: Illiquid equities are frequently vulnerable to price volatility since even a little shift in supply or demand can result in large price swings. By examining a stock's price changes over time, investors can determine a stock's price volatility.

Difference in traded price: Another important sign for identifying illiquid equities is the spread between the highest and the lowest traded price. There may not be many buyers and sellers in the market if there is a wide gap between both the highest and lowest traded price of a stock. Investors can examine this data on the stock exchange's website or via a number of different financial news websites.

Tips That Can Help Investors Buy Illiquid Stocks

The first step in purchasing an illiquid stock is determining the stock you wish to purchase. This can be accomplished by investigating the stock's financials, examining its trading record, and comprehending the sector it belongs to.

Select a Broker: Once you have determined the stock, you must locate a broker who is prepared to buy or sell illiquid securities. Finding a broker with experience in dealing with illiquid equities is vital because not all brokers deal in these kinds of stocks.

Negotiate the price: The price of illiquid stocks can't always be predetermined, and may instead be agreed upon by both the buyer & the seller. It's crucial to conduct your homework and determine the stock's fair price based upon its financials, trading past times, and market circumstances.

Be careful: When purchasing illiquid stocks, you should use caution because they might be more volatile and have a higher chance of loss. Before making an investment in illiquid stocks, it is advised that shareholders possess an eye towards the long term and are at ease with the risks involved.

Risks Involved In Investing In Illiquid Stocks

Here are some key risks involved in illiquid stocks.

High volatility: Due to the limited trading volume, illiquid equities can be very volatile. As a result, even minor changes in supply and demand can cause substantial fluctuations in the pricing of these equities. Investors may suffer big losses as a result of this excessive volatility.

Limited liquidity: Illiquid equities have low trading volumes, making it difficult for investors to sell them when they wish to get out of a position. Due to this, the investor may end up holding the stock for a longer period of time and may find it challenging to realize the full worth of their investment.

Price manipulation: Illiquid equities with low trading volumes are more vulnerable to this practice. Investor losses may occur from market manipulators artificially inflating or deflating the stock price.

Concentration risk: Illiquid assets sometimes concentrate in particular sectors or industries. A downturn in a particular sector or industry may raise the risk of loss as a result of this concentration.

Conclusion on illiquid stocks

Low trading volumes in illiquid equities make it harder to either purchase or sell them promptly at a reasonable price. By examining a stock's volume of trading, bid-ask spread, market capitalization, price volatility, and spread between both its highest and lowest traded price, investors can determine whether it is illiquid.

Investors must locate a broker willing to both purchase and sell these kinds of stocks, negotiate a fair price, exercise prudence, and identify the stock before purchasing it. High volatility, little liquidity, price manipulation, a lack of transparency, difficulty in costs, and concentration risk are some of the dangers associated with investing in illiquid equities. Before investing in illiquid stocks, You can learn from this article what illiquid stock and how to find them. As an  investor you  should have an investment plan for the future and be at ease with the risks involved.

Illiquid Stocks FAQS

Q. How do illiquid stocks differ from liquid stocks in terms of trading volume?

In contrast, the trading volume of illiquid stocks is lower. This implies that fewer of the shares are regularly purchased and sold, which might make it challenging for investors to swiftly acquire or exit a position.

Q. What are the potential risks of investing in illiquid stocks?

Greater volatility, wider put in an offer-ask spreads, and a challenge in selling shares are a few potential risks associated with investing in illiquid stocks. Additionally, illiquid stocks may be more vulnerable to price control and fraud.

Q. Can investors still make a profit by investing in illiquid stocks?

It is still possible for investors to profit from their investments in illiquid equities, but they must be aware of the added dangers and might have to maintain their positions for a longer period of time.


Q. How can investors identify illiquid stocks before investing in them?

Illiquid equities can be identified by investors by their trading volume & bid-ask spreads. Typically, stocks with low trading activity as well as wide bid-ask spreads tend to be less liquid.

Q.Is it more difficult to buy or sell illiquid stocks compared to liquid stocks?

Illiquid stocks may be more challenging to buy or sell than liquid equities since there may not always be as many either buyers or sellers available.

Q. Why do some investors choose to invest in illiquid stocks despite the risks involved?

Because they think the potential returns will outweigh the risks, some investors decide to invest via illiquid stocks. Alternatively, they may recognize an opportunity others have not yet noticed.

Q. Are there any strategies investors can use to mitigate the risks associated with investing in illiquid stocks?

Researching thoroughly, making smaller investments, diversifying their portfolio, and being ready to maintain positions during longer periods of time are all strategies investors can employ to lessen the risks involved with investing in illiquid equities.