Volume Weighted Average Price Trading Strategy

Volume Weighted Average Price Trading Strategy

As stock market investors, we have access to a wealth of data and a variety of tools to aid in selecting profitable investments. For fundamental investors, the focus lies on analyzing a company's revenue and profit growth, often through yearly reports, management interviews, brokerage data, and valuation ratios. Conversely, traders or those employing a more technical approach closely monitor stock prices, using various technical indicators to time their entries and exits. One such indicator, the volume-weighted average price (VWAP), is the focus of this article. We'll explore what Volume Weighted Average Price Trading Strategy is, how to calculate it, and its application in the stock market.

What is the Volume-Weighted Average Price

The Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP) is a technical analysis indicator that measures the average price at which a specific securities trades over a specified period. Unlike conventional moving averages, which determine the average price based solely on time, VWAP considers the volume of trades at each price level. This implies that the price of larger trades has a higher impact on the VWAP than smaller deals.

VWAP is frequently used by institutional traders who need to execute big orders over a day or more. By comparing their performance to the VWAP, users may decide if their transactions were performed at a beneficial price or not. VWAP is also useful for spotting possible support and resistance levels, as well as trend reversals.

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Table of Content

  1. What is the Volume-Weighted Average Price
  2. VWAP Trading Strategy
  3. Chart and VWAP Trading Example
  4. Calculating Volume-weighted Average Price

VWAP Trading Strategy

Here's how traders integrate VWAP into their strategy:

Trend Analysis:

  • Above VWAP: Indicates bullish sentiment.
  • Below VWAP: Implies bearish sentiment.

Trade Execution:

  • Buying: Near or above VWAP in an uptrend for favourable pricing.
  • Selling: Near or below VWAP in a downtrend to capitalise on high prices.

Confirmation with Other Indicators:

  • Volume: Increased volume at VWAP crosses validates price movements.
  • Price Action: Candlestick patterns complement entry or exit signals.

Pullbacks and Breakouts:

  • Pullbacks: VWAP often acts as support or resistance after breakouts.
  • Breakouts: Strong moves occur post-breakout with high volume confirmation.

Limitation of VWAP Trading Strategy

  • Intraday Only: VWAP resets at the start of each trading day, thus it only applies to intraday trades.
  • Big Orders: Institutional traders may utilise VWAP to make big orders, thereby influencing the VWAP queue.
  • Lagging Indicator: VWAP is a lagging indicator by definition, as it is an average.

Chart and VWAP Trading Example

The VWAP line, a blue line, is an excellent intraday strategy filter for intraday traders. In a sideways price action, intraday traders often use a strategy based on a reversion to the average price for the day. The VWAP indicator becomes useful in this setting. 
When additional regions are added to the chart representing significant distances from the VWAP line, they can guide when to initiate long positions (in support regions) or short-selling positions (in resistance regions). 
An example is initiating a long entry when the price closes in a support region, with a stop-loss order outside the farthest line and a profit target at the VWAP line. This method can fail quickly on trending days and make multiple successful trades on sideways days. Additionally, support and resistance regions from previous days can be significant markets for future days when the price is moving sideways.

Calculating Volume-weighted Average Price

The volume-weighted average price (VWAP) is a technical indicator that helps retail investors understand the market. It is calculated using a mathematical formula, starting with the opening bell and ending with the closing bell. 

The formula is 

VWAP = Cumulative Typical Price*Volume/Cumulative Volume = Cumulative TP*V/CV. 


The typical price is the average of the high, low, and closing prices of the asset, while the cumulative volume refers to the total volume since the trading session opened. The Cumulative Volume (CV) represents the total volume since the trading session opened, while Volume represents the volume traded at a particular point. The VWAP indicator on a price chart results in a smooth curve, as shown in the diagram below. Understanding how to calculate the VWAP is crucial for retail investors.

Conclusion

Volume-weighted average price is a valuable tool for technical traders. You can base your trades on the indication or create additional strategies around it. You may also combine it with other technical indicators to create a strategy. However, keep in mind that you must continue to adhere to strict risk management measures. Regardless of the signal, there is always the possibility that the deal may not go as planned. Finally, it is important to trade with a reliable stock market app.

Volume Weighted Average Price Trading Strategy FAQs

Indicators commonly used with VWAP include moving averages, Relative Strength Index (RSI), MACD, and Bollinger Bands to validate price movements and identify trends accurately.

Use the VWAP indicator for intraday analysis and short-term trends, while moving averages serve better for long-term trend identification and smoothing out price fluctuations. Choose indicators based on your trading objectives.

VWAP reflects volume-weighted average prices throughout the trading day, emphasising periods of high trading activity. SMAs, on the other hand, provide simple averages over specific time frames without volume weighting.

Yes, combining VWAP with volume analysis, trend indicators, or support/resistance levels can enhance its predictive power by providing additional confirmation signals for trading decisions.


 

Traders should adjust VWAP time frames based on market volatility, liquidity, and trading objectives. Shorter periods suit intraday trading, while longer periods suit swing or position trading.