What is Index Trading In India

What is Index Trading In India

Index trading is a fascinating way to invest in online share trading. Index investing allows traders to invest in a group of stocks or assets without having to invest in each one individually. In India, it is popular because investors can buy into multiple companies at once, so they don't have to worry about any one company's performance.

Moreover, index trading gives you broad market exposure, diversification, and the chance to profit from market movements. In this article, let's explore index trading, the role of the stock market index, the development of stock indices and how to trade in index.

What Is Index Trading?

For traders, index trading in India allows them to gain exposure to financial markets without investing directly in individual stocks, bonds, commodities, etc. Also, it is common for newcomers to trade indexes. Indexes are funds linked to indices or baskets of stocks instead of individual companies.

A stock index tracks the performance of a large group of shares to reflect the fluctuations of a broader market, such as a nation's stock market or a specific sector's stock market. Moreover, index trading aims to make money by buying a fund when the companies' prices are low and then selling it when they are high. Simply put, you're buying low and selling high.

Role Of Stock Market Index

An index of the stock market serves as an indicator. Basically, a stock market index is an indicator of how the stock market is doing and how it is trending. Moreover, an index is also a good indicator of market sentiment. 

When an index consistently performs well, that means the underlying companies are doing well as well. This signals a bull market (a positive market sentiment). In the event of underperformance of the indices, it means that the underlying stocks are also underperforming. That might be a sign of a bear market (negative sentiment).

The Development Of A Stock Index

An index is a collection of stocks selected based on certain criteria. This index assigns weights to shares. Moreover, indexes can be price-weighted or market-cap-weighted. A share's weight determines how much movement in its price will influence the index's performance as a whole.

The market-cap-weighted index assigns weights to companies based on their size, regardless of their price. Stock market capitalisation refers to the company's total market value. As a result, weights are assigned based on the company's market cap compared to the index's market cap.

Example- If Company A has a market cap of 70, and the index has a total market cap of 100, then Company A has a 70% weight.

How To Trade In Index?

There's the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) in India for index trading. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to trade in index:

Obtain A Pan Card

Obtaining a Permanent Account Number (PAN) is mandatory to begin trading in India. A PAN number is a unique identification number for taxation purposes.

Open A Trading And Demat Account

You will need a trading account with a registered Indian stockbroker, such as blinkX. They can assist you with stock exchange trades. A Demat account is also required to hold your shares and securities electronically along with the trading account.

Select An Index

Choose the index you would like to trade. The Nifty 50 and the Sensex are the most popular indices in India. Nifty 50 represents the top 50 companies listed on the NSE, while Sensex represents the top 30 listed on the BSE.

Do Research And Analysis

Before trading, you should research and analyse the index's performance, understand its components, and study market trends. It'll help you make better decisions.

Place A Trade

After opening a trading account and researching, you can buy or sell the index. You can do this through your stockbroker's online trading platform.

Monitor The Market

Once you have placed a trade, monitor the market and the index's performance. To limit potential losses, set stop-loss orders, or place take-profit orders to secure profits when an index reaches a certain level.


Index trading offers a powerful way to invest in the online share market. It allows you to access multiple companies at once through an index, providing broad market exposure and diversification. By understanding the role of stock market indices, conducting research, and selecting the right index, you can participate in market movements and potentially profit from them. 

Moreover, you can seek guidance from the blinkX trading app to make informed financial decisions. Lastly, opening a trading and Demat account, selecting an index, placing trades, and monitoring the market are key steps in index trading. 

Index Trading FAQs

You own one share of a company when you buy a stock. Index funds generally include shares and bonds from many different companies.

The NIFTY 50 is a 50-stock index that includes 13 sectors of the economy. The index is used for various purposes, such as benchmarking fund portfolios and constructing index-based derivatives.

The 3 major stock indices in India are BSE Sensex, Nifty 50 and Nifty Midcap 150.

9:30 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. is the best time for index trading.

Indexes may be low-cost and diversified, but they prevent investors from taking advantage of other opportunities. Moreover, index funds do not provide protection against market corrections and crashes when an investor has a large exposure to them.