Stockbroker: Meaning, Types, And Role In The Share Market

Stockbroker: Meaning, Types, And Role In The Share Market

Stockbrokers are crucial participants in the share market, who act as authorised professionals and facilitate the buying and selling of securities on behalf of clients. They play an important role in the stock market by executing transactions on National Stock Exchanges. Moreover, they provide valuable advice and expertise to investors. In this article, we will understand stockbroker's meaning in detail. Additionally, there are two main types of brokers that we will discuss along with stockbroker definition. We will also understand what are the roles of brokers, the qualifications needed to become one and more.

What Is A Stockbroker?

A stockbroker definition is a person who is authorised to buy and sell securities on behalf of financial institutions, investors, and companies. Stockbrokers are also known as registered representatives or brokers. Usually, brokers execute trading or purchase and sale transactions on National Stock Exchanges.

Brokers deal with institutional as well as retail clients. It is the primary responsibility of a broker to obtain buy and sell orders and execute them. Moreover, to invest in securities, many participants rely on brokers' knowledge and expertise about market dynamics. Furthermore, they can work independently or with the brokerage firm. In some cases, brokerage firms and broker-dealers may also be referred to as brokers.

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Table of Content

  1. What Is A Stockbroker?
  2. Understanding Stock Broker Role
  3. How Are Stockbrokers Regulated?
  4. Conclusion

Understanding Stock Broker Role

After learning the stockbroker meaning, let’s understand their role in the share market. The following are the roles and responsibilities of brokers:

  • It is the job of brokers to give accurate advice on the purchase and sale of stocks and other securities. Their knowledge of the markets allows them to advise clients on when to buy and sell stocks.  Before making such recommendations, they conduct extensive research on securities.
  • They handle the paperwork associated with buying and selling shares on behalf of their clients. In addition, they keep records of all transactions, statements, etc.
  • A broker manages a client's investment portfolio and provides regular updates on it. In addition, they answer clients' investment questions.
  • When there is a new investment opportunity in the stock market, brokers inform their clients of it.
  • As market conditions change, a broker helps his or her client adjust investment strategies.

How Are Stockbrokers Regulated?

Stockbrokers in India are subject to regulations outlined in the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992, Securities Contract Regulations Act, 1956, and the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Stockbrokers and sub-brokers Regulations), 1992.

Additionally, they must adhere to any rules, regulations, and bylaws issued by SEBI. It is mandatory for brokers to be members of stock exchanges and registered with SEBI. These registration details are typically displayed on their websites and official documents. To find information about registered brokers, you can visit the SEBI website.

Types Of Stockbroker

Now after learning what a stockbroker is and how they are regulated, let's take a look at their types. 

Full-Service Stockbroker

These types of brokers offer a full stack of services to their clients. They work in a traditional way by providing a trading facility with advisory services. Also, due to this reason, full-service brokers charge high fees. Whereas the brokerage they charge depends on the total amount of trades executed by the client. Moreover, these brokers are established players who have branches located all over the country. You can visit their branches for financial services and advice.

Discount Stockbroker

Discount brokers have emerged as a result of increased internet usage and accessibility. These brokers offer online trading platforms to their clients. However, unlike traditional brokers, discount brokers do not provide advisory services or research facilities. As a result, they charge lower commissions, often in the form of a flat fee.

Nowadays, most brokerages provide online services, allowing customers to log in with a username and password to execute trades. Online stockbroking services offer faster transactions facilitated by the Internet. Brokers can communicate with clients through chat rooms, and emails, and provide real-time updates.

In addition to understanding what a stockbroker means, it is important to grasp the concept of a sub-broker. A sub-broker is an individual or agent appointed by brokers to act on their behalf. However, unlike stockbrokers, sub-brokers are not members of the stock exchange. They are required to register with SEBI, as this permission is necessary for them to engage in securities transactions.


Brokers play a crucial role in the share market as authorised professionals who facilitate the buying and selling of securities on behalf of their clients. By understanding the stockbroker definition and their roles, you can make informed decisions and rely on the expertise of these professionals in navigating the share market successfully. To find registered brokers, visit the SEBI website or the websites of brokerage firms.
Also, it is important to consider the two main types of brokers - full-service and discount - when choosing a broker that aligns with specific needs and preferences. Additionally, in the modern era of online trading, apps like the blinkX share market app can be helpful. This user-friendly app provides seamless access to the stock market, allowing investors to trade securities, receive real-time updates, and execute transactions with convenience.

Stockbroker FAQs

Most brokers work for brokerage businesses and deal with a variety of clients.

An understanding of accounting principles, taxation, financial laws, analysis, planning, reporting and forecasting is required to become a stocker. Additionally, a person must be comfortable with calculations and statistics.

Online stock brokers are known as discount brokers. These brokers do not give advice or phone up their clients with stock picks. Rather, they focus on the basic service of helping their clients to buy or sell security online.

Brokers execute transactions such as buying and selling of stock on behalf of clients, in turn, they charge a brokerage commission.

To become a stock broker in India, you should be:1)21 year old Indian Citizen. 2)Completed at least 10+2 or higher secondary college. 3)Have an experience of not less than 2 years as an authorised assistant, partner, authorised clerk or apprentice to the broker.