An Overview Of Foreign Portfolio Investments

An Overview Of Foreign Portfolio Investments

In India, Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI) is a major part of the share market and refers to investors buying foreign assets. These assets include fixed deposits, stocks, and mutual funds that investors hold passively. Additionally, it's a good way to diversify your portfolio and make more money. However, it comes with more volatility and risk.

Here, we will explore the Foreign Portfolio Investment, its benefits, the risks of investing in foreign portfolios, the factors that affect FPI, and how it differs from Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). Investors looking to expand their investment horizons and explore opportunities in international financial markets need to understand foreign portfolio investment meaning.

What Is Foreign Portfolio Investment In India?

Foreign Portfolio Investments (FPIs) refer to the purchase of foreign financial assets by investors. A range of financial assets are involved, including fixed deposits, stocks, and mutual funds. An investor passively holds all investments. Furthermore, an investor who invests in a foreign portfolio is referred to as a foreign portfolio investor.

Investing in foreign portfolio investment in India helps diversify investment portfolios and potentially earn higher returns. However, it also comes with increased volatility and risk. Many investors, including individuals, businesses, and even governments, are now choosing foreign portfolio investment as a prominent investment option. Having understood the foreign portfolio investment meaning, let's move on to foreign portfolio benefits.

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Table of Content

  1. What Is Foreign Portfolio Investment In India?
  2. Benefits Of Foreign Portfolio Investment 
  3. Factors Affecting Foreign Portfolio Investment
  4. Conclusion

Benefits Of Foreign Portfolio Investment 

Here are the benefits of Foreign Portfolio Investment:

Diversification Of Investments

FPI allows investors to diversify their portfolios. When you diversify your portfolio, you can achieve high returns. Assume that you suffer a major loss in the investment assets of country X, but profit in the investment assets of country Y. This will help you to experience less volatility in your investments and increase your chances of making money.

Credit Access To The International Market

Credit can be increased in foreign countries for investors. You can secure your line of credit by expanding your credit base. Also, you might benefit from having an international credit score if your domestic credit score isn't good. Thus, it gives you more leverage and higher returns on equity.

Getting Access To A Bigger Market

There are times when foreign markets are less competitive than domestic ones. As a result, FPI gives you exposure to more markets. As foreign markets are less saturated, they may offer higher returns and more diversity.

Provides High Liquidity

Liquidity is high with foreign portfolio investments. It's easy to buy and sell foreign portfolios. This gives you buying power when good buys come up. You can buy and sell trades fast and easily.

Exchange Rate Benefit

It's easy to leverage international currencies' dynamic nature. There are some currencies that can go up or down dramatically, and a strong currency can work in your favour.

Investment Risks In Foreign Portfolios

Both investors and destination countries have risks associated with foreign portfolio investments. Here are some risks:

Political Risk Exposure

Political risk could arise from the change in the political environment. As a result, investment criteria, economic policies, and repatriation rules change.

Low Liquidity

Developing countries often experience low liquidity in capital markets, which leads to higher price volatility.

After learning about Foreign Portfolio Investment meaning, benefits and risks associated with FPI, let's now understand the factors affecting foreign portfolio investment.

Factors Affecting Foreign Portfolio Investment

Foreign Portfolio Investment is affected by the following factors:

Growth Prospects

A country's economy greatly influences foreign investments. When an economy is robust and growing, investors are more likely to invest in its financial assets. In contrast, investors tend to withdraw their funds if the country experiences financial turmoil or a recession.

Interest Rates

An investor's goal is to maximise their return on investment. Therefore, investors prefer high-interest countries to invest in.

Tax Rates

A capital gains tax is imposed on capital gains. An increase in tax rates reduces the return on investments. Because of this, investors prefer to invest in countries with lower tax rates.


Now that you know what is foreign portfolio investment in India is, you should know the difference between it and FDI, another foreign investment term.

An FDI is when a direct business interest is established overseas. For example, it could be a warehouse or manufacturing company. An FDI can involve a joint venture or setting up a subsidiary, and it can involve resources, knowledge, and funds.

Moreover, direct foreign investment is more long-term and bulkier than foreign portfolio investment. Also, institutions and venture capital companies take on foreign direct investments. A foreign portfolio investment is just investing in foreign assets or securities.

When it comes to the stock market, FPI means buying shares or bonds that are available on a foreign exchange. As there's a lot of liquidity in FPI and you can buy and sell it a lot. FDI involves active investors, while FPI involves passive investors. When compared to FDI, FPI is a short-term investment and not a direct investment.


FPI in India has become a significant part of the share market, offering investors a means to diversify their portfolios and potentially earn higher returns. Investments in foreign financial assets such as fixed deposits, stocks, and mutual funds can provide individuals, businesses, and governments with access to a wide market. However, FPI comes with risks, such as political risk exposure and low liquidity. 
 With innovative tools like blinkX share market, you can keep up with market trends and invest in foreign portfolios. With this user-friendly app, you can make well-informed investment decisions with real-time information and trading features.

Foreign Portfolio Investment FAQs

The Securities and exchange board of India (SEBI) regulates Foreign Portfolio Investment in India.

FDI involves a high level of risk due to a long-term commitment and direct involvement in the company's operations.

An FPI registration is valid until it is suspended or cancelled by SEBI or surrendered by the FPI, although it is subject to the periodic renewal fee.

Equity shares purchased by a single FPI must not exceed 10% of the company's total issued capital.

Yes, an FPI can place orders directly with a broker.