5 Most Popular Candlestick Patterns Every Trader Should Know

  • 17 Jan 2024
  • Read 6 mins read

Candlestick patterns are key to understanding market mood and price activity, making them an essential tool for traders looking to make sound judgements. Gaining competence in interpreting them will prepare you to navigate the complicated and ever-changing trading landscape accurately and confidently. In this detailed article, we will look at the top 5 candlestick patterns that may dramatically improve your trading success, ranging from bullish and bearish patterns to those that suggest reversals.

What is a Candlestick?

A candlestick is a method of showing information about an asset's price movement. Candlestick charts are one of the most popular technical analysis tools, allowing traders to evaluate price information based on a few price bars quickly.

This article discusses a daily chart with candlesticks, which detail a single day's trading. Each candlestick has three basic features: the body, the wick, and the colour.

  • Patterns form to identify major support and resistance levels
  • Indicates market opportunities like buying/selling pressure balance, continuation patterns, or market indecision
  • Importance of understanding candlestick patterns for informed trading decisions


5 Most Popular Candlestick Patterns

Now let’s look into the 5 most popular candlestick patterns that you should know:


The Doji pattern is generated when the Open and Close Prices are the same or nearly the same, and there is a Low and High Price, resulting in a candle with practically no lower and upper wicks. Following the start at the Open price, there is a price increase, but there is also a price drop within the same time before settling back at roughly the starting price. (bulls and bears battle, but neither wins)

Hanging Man

The Hanging Man is another noteworthy candlestick pattern that appears exclusively during a lengthy rally. It is termed thus because it resembles a line figure with legs swinging beneath. The pattern is generated when the open price is either higher or lower than the closing price, but there is little or no price increase, and the low price is significantly lower than the candle body, or the lower wick is at least twice the size of the body. The traders see a sell-off leap to obtain a discount price, thus the selling continues following this candlestick pattern.

Morning Star and Evening Star

Various candlestick layouts use three candles adjacent to each other. The morning star pattern begins with a bearish candle (big black candle) that signals a significant price decline; this is immediately followed by a star doji or a doji with a very small body and noticeable lower and upper shadows, signalling a modest shift in trend towards a gain in price. The third candle, which completes the pattern, displays a significant rebound and increase in price, with a bullish candle that finishes slightly lower than the opening of the first candle. It depicts growing prices as the rising Sun emerging from the gloomy night, hence the Morning Star.

The Evening star pattern is the inverse of the Morning star pattern, with a bullish candle, a star doji around the peak of the first candle, and then a bearish candle, indicating the end of the price rise and the beginning of a price down. The body of the bearish third candle remains within the first candle's body. However, this signals a trend reversal, much as the Sun setting into the night and the dark candle or downward price trend beginning, hence the name Evening Star.

Bearish & Bullish Harami

Bullish Harami consists of a large bearish candle first, followed by a modest bullish candle in the middle. It suggests that the selling has ended, and there is a significant likelihood of the price increasing.

Bearish Harami consists of a large bullish candle first, followed by a short bearish candle in the middle. It suggests that the purchasing has stopped, and the price will likely fall.

 Piercing Line

The Piercing Line pattern consists of two candles, one long red and one long green, that begin lower than the previous day's low but close more than halfway above the first candle's midway. The strong closure of the second candle signifies a shift in market mood and the bulls' seizing control.


Mastering candlestick patterns is crucial for traders to understand market sentiment and potential price reversals. The five patterns - Doji, Hanging Man, Morning Star and Evening Star, Bullish & Bearish Harami, and Piercing Line - offer insights into market psychology and forecasting price actions. Understanding these patterns helps traders identify entry and exit points, anticipate trend reversals, and make informed trading decisions also choosing a reliable online trading app is necessary. However, they should be used alongside other analytical tools and risk management strategies. Constant practice, observation, and refining of trading strategies are essential for successful trading. Watch our 5 Most Popular Candlestick Patterns web story for a quick overview.

FAQs on 5 Most Popular Candlestick Patterns

A candlestick has a body and top and bottom wicks that indicate the starting and closing prices, as well as the highest and lowest points.

Candlestick patterns provide useful market insights, trend reversals, and entry/exit points, allowing traders to make informed decisions and manage risk efficiently.

Some traders mistakenly believe candlestick patterns are self-confirming, but official information is not guaranteed until it's confirmed, so it's crucial to avoid making assumptions before market data cools.

Candlestick patterns provide insights into market sentiment but may not always accurately predict reversals due to varying factors influencing market dynamics and future price movements.

Homma Munehisa, a Japanese rice trader, invented candlestick charts in the 1700s. These charts provided an overview of market prices, making them popular due to their ease of reading and understanding.