There are plenty of online share trading strategies traders and investors employ to reap fruits in the stock market. In this article, we will look at a dynamic trading strategy called the breakout trading strategy. This strategy lets you profit from significant price movements due to stock market volatility. So let’s deep dive and explore what breakout trading entails, how to identify potential breakouts, and the pros and limitations of this strategy.
What is the Breakout Trading Strategy?
So, what is this dynamic strategy about? The Breakout trading strategy is a popularly used momentum trading strategy by traders to identify and capitalise on key price levels where a significant breakout is likely to occur. In simple words, a breakout is simply a term used to describe the event when the price breaks through a major resistance level—which results in an upward surge.
So what a breakout trader essentially does is they buy the stock when it just crosses—or is about to cross—the resistance level and enjoy the upward price rally. There, this strategy involves monitoring price charts, seeking for opportunities where the price may potentially break through resistance levels. On the flip side a breakdown occurs when the price breaks below a crucial support level, leading to substantial downward price movement.
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How to Identify Potential Breakouts?
To Identify potential breakouts, you must have a solid understanding of the price action. Only then you will be able to identify support and resistance and chart patterns. Since a breakout is nothing but an event where the price cuts above, you must be able to spot resistance levels on the price chart.
As you know, a resistance represents any price level that witnesses heavy selling pressure. So may see the price reverse downward several times when it nears the resistance. However, eventually the price is likely to break that resistance level resulting in the breakout. After breathing the resistance, the buyers are likely to outnumber sellers, which may lead to sharp upward price movements.
Before the breakout the price likely consolidates under the resistance level or forms distinguished chart patterns. So, breakout traders often rely on such chart patterns, such as symmetric triangles, wedges, rectangles, and flags. Other patterns include the head and shoulders pattern and the double bottom pattern. These patterns signal imminent breakouts and offer entry points for traders.
Advantages of the Breakout Trading Strategy
Breakout trading offers several advantages that make it an appealing strategy for traders as well as investors. First and foremost, the breakout strategy is a versatile strategy that can be adopted by swing traders, intraday traders, and even long term-investors who make investment decisions based on both technicals and fundamentals. That said, each of previously mentioned categories will have to refer to the right frame or reference, or charts.
In addition to this, breakout trading strategy provides clear entry points, provided you can assess the price action properly. You could enter post the breakout, or even take some premature positions; in either case, you can place the stop-loss order below the resistance level. Lastly, even if you miss a breakout, a price breakout often follows up with a pullback, which gives you another chance to take positions in the stock or asset.
When Should You Not Employ This Strategy?
Now, the breakout strategy is not foolproof; breakouts can sometimes be false signals. The term “false breakout” describes an event where the price initially breaks above the resistance level indicating a breakout, only for it to soon reverse. So, essentially, instead of reversing before crossing the resistance level, the price cuts above the resistance, and then reverses. These false breakouts often occur when uncertainty or negative sentiments loom over the markets.
Breakout trading is a powerful strategy that allows you to capitalise on significant price movements and profit from market volatility. By identifying potential breakouts through careful analysis of trends, resistance levels, and chart patterns, you can take positions in the markets, regardless of whether you are a short-term or long-term trader. That said, it's important to consider market conditions and exercise proper risk management to avoid false breakouts.
Breakout Trading Strategy FAQs
Yes, one can consider shorting shares if the price breaches through the support level, resulting in a breakdown. However, in India, shorting is limited to the intraday and derivatives segment.
Intraday breakout traders may use 5-minute candlestick charts or other suitable intraday candlestick charts to analyse price levels.
Breakout setups form within trends, so, even if you are a trend trader you can easily perform breakout trading.
Yes, fundamental factors can significantly impact breakout trading. Positive or negative news, earnings results, economic data, or geopolitical events can act as catalysts for breakouts as well as breakdowns. Hence, if you should stay updated, especially if you are a long-term breakout trader.
Both short and long-term breakout traders may book profits when the price meets their target level or when they foresee a trend reversal.