What is MTM? Working, Example & Benefits


In the stock market there are term such as mtm which is used most of time.  The MTM (Mark-to-Market) method to determine the actual earnings or losses on open holdings. At the conclusion of each trading day, winnings or expenses on positions that are open are settled in accordance with the security's closing price.

Profits and losses on existing positions are determined using the MTM procedure by subtracting the closing price from the day before from the closing price of the current day. The trader makes money if the last traded price of the stock has increased, and loses money if the closing price has decreased in the online share trading.

The MTM procedure is crucial in the stock market because it makes sure that investors and traders have enough money to satisfy their margin obligations. Moreover, it adds in lowering the traders' default risk and also guarantees the stock market's efficient operation.

How does mtm work in the share market? 

As you know what is mtm in the stock market?At the conclusion of each trading day, the anticipated gain or loss of open positions held by traders or investors is determined using the MTM (Mark-to-Market) method in the stock market. The procedure goes like this:

Every security in the trader's account is compared to its closing price from the day before. The trader makes money if the last trading price increased, and loses money if the final price decreased.

The total amount of shares or units that the trader has in that security has been multiplied by the variation between the closing price of the previous day and the closing price of the current day. This displays the security's unrealized profit or loss.

The overall unrealized return as well the losses on the trader's financial portfolio is calculated by adding the anticipated profit or loss for each security.

The trader has an overall unrealized profit if the sum of the unrealized profit exceeds the total unrealized loss, and a net unrealized loss if the whole unrealized loss exceeds the total unrealized profit.

The following money is either credited to or debited to the trader's account. And the total unrealized gain or loss is settled in cash.

The MTM process assists traders and investors in preserving the necessary margin, which is crucial to lowering the possibility of default and ensuring the efficient operation of the stock market. Additionally, the procedure aids traders and investors in comprehending the current worth in their portfolio, which can be crucial for making well-informed choices regarding the purchase or sale of assets.


Explain what is the MTM process in the Stock Market with an Example

Assume that at the final moment of the day of trading, a trader owns 500 shares of ABC Ltd., with each share's closing price that day being Rs. 100. The trader had paid 90 rupees per share for the shares.

The last traded price of ABC Ltd. has now increased to Rs. 110 per share on the following trading day. The trader's unrealized profit or loss will be determined using the MTM procedure in the manner shown below:

Unrealized profit or loss is calculated as (Closing Price - Earlier Closing Price) x Quantity (110 - 100) x 500

5000 is the unrealized profit or loss.

Therefore, the trader's 500 stocks of ABC Ltd. have generated a gain of Rs. 5000. The unrealized profit or loss on all of the trader's securities will now be added together to determine the total amount of unrealized profit as well as loss on the trader's portfolio.

Let's say the trader also has 200 shares of XYZ Ltd., which he purchased for Rs. 120 each. On that particular day, XYZ Ltd. closed at Rs. 125 each share. Then, the XYZ Ltd.'s unrealized profit or loss will be as follows: Unrealized gain or loss on XYZ Ltd. = (125 - 120) x 200 Unrealized Profit or Loss on XYZ Ltd. = 1000

Therefore, the trader's portfolio's total unrealized profit will be as follows: Total Unrealized Gain = 5000 + 1000 = Rs. 6000

At last, the trader can receive a gross unrealized profit worth Rs. 6000, which will be paid in cash in accordance with the exchange's rules by the broker/exchange. According to the trade the trader would require to deposit the necessary sum to preserve the margin if they had an overall unrealized loss.

Benefits of MTM in the share market

As we have gone through the query of what is mtm? Now it's important to know the benefits of mtm in trading.

  • The MTM procedure assists in making sure that the valuation of assets owned by investors and traders is transparent and equitable.
  • It gives traders and investors access to real-time data about the portfolio's worth, enabling them to make well-informed decisions about the purchase or sale of stocks.
  • It alert the trader ensuring to maintain the necessary margin, which is necessary to lower the possibility of default and guarantee the efficient operation of the stock market.
  • Due to the requirement that traders and investors settle their positions every day, it lowers the danger of settlement failure and defaults.
  • Due to traders' inability to retain substantial positions for a long period of time, it serves to lower the danger of market manipulation.

Risks of MTM in the stock market

Some of the risk factor of mtm in the share market is as follows:

  • For traders and investors, the MTM process can result in significant losses because it can be unpredictable and erratic.
  • It might raise the minimum margin requirements for investors and traders, which might reduce their ability to transact.
  • As investors and traders must settle their positions every day, it may lead to higher transaction costs.
  • If an investor or trader is unable to keep up the minimum margin, it may force them to liquidate their positions, which could incur large losses.
  • Lack of market liquidity can cause mispricing of assets, which could result in losses for investors and traders.

In the above article as you learned what is mtm in stock market, it is also important to know the risk attach with the following risk in the 


The MTM process in the share market is a crucial component of the stock market since it assists traders  in maintaining the necessary margin and lowers the likelihood of defaults and settlement problems. Trading and investing professionals can use the procedure to get up-to-the-minute information on the portfolio's value to help them decide whether to buy or sell assets.

Nevertheless, the MTM method can also be unpredictable and unanticipated which can cause traders and investors to suffer substantial losses. It might result in more stringent margin requirements, which would limit trading and raise transaction costs. If there is insufficient market liquidity, the process may also result in enforced liquidation for positions & mispricing of assets. Overall, the article What is mtm in trading, says the mtm procedure offers advantages and disadvantages, which traders need to be aware of in order to make wise choices regarding their trading activity.

Frequently Asked Questions

At the conclusion of each trading day, MTM updates the value underlying stocks or derivative contracts based on the current market price. To know what mtm is, you can elaborate it as an asset or contract that is considered to have made a profit if the present value on the market is greater than the cost of its purchase, and vice versa. The balance of the trader's account is then increased or decreased by the profit or loss.

For investors and traders with open positions on the stock market, the MTM procedure is required. Most exchanges demand it in order to lower the possibility of default and guarantee the efficient operation of the stock exchanges.

The risks of the MTM process include volatility and unpredictability, increased margin requirements, increased transaction costs, forced liquidation of positions, and mispricing of securities.

The mtm is known as market to market which is an term elaborate as the accounting method which allows investors to accurately value their portfolios and also to measure the performance in real-time.

Market-to-market has different features and usage, one of them is that the investors can assess the performance of their investments and to make trading decisions. The institutional and bank use mtm to value their holding into assets as well as liabilities.