What is Demat Account: Meaning, Types & Benefits


A Demat account offers investors a convenient and secure platform to hold and manage their securities in an electronic format. With a Demat account, investors can easily buy or sell securities through online trading platforms provided by the DP or brokerage firm. It offers investors a secure and efficient platform to digitise their investments, eliminating the need for physical paperwork and simplifying transaction processes. 

In the world of trading, the Demat account has revolutionised how securities are held, transacted, and managed.  Its significance lies in its ability to provide a secure, efficient, and convenient platform for investors to participate in the stock market. One of the primary benefits of a Demat account is its efficient and secure storage of securities. By holding securities in electronic form, investors eliminate the risks associated with physical share certificates, such as loss, theft, or damage. Their holdings are safe and secure in the account, giving them peace of mind.

What is Dematerialisation?

Dematerialisation refers to the transformation of tangible securities, such as share and bond certificates, into a digital or electronic format. It is a key step in the modernization of financial markets and the transition from paper-based transactions to electronic trading.

Dematerialisation eliminates physical certificates, which are prone to loss, theft, and damage. Converting securities into electronic form can be stored, managed, and transferred more efficiently and securely.

Dematerialisation offers several benefits. The electronic transfer of securities simplifies trading and settlement processes by eliminating the need for physical delivery. It enhances transparency and reduces the risk of counterfeit securities. It also enables faster and more efficient processing of corporate actions, such as dividends and bonus issues, as these are directly credited to the investor's Demat account. 


Features of Demat Account

Demat accounts come with a range of features that make them an essential tool for investors in the modern financial landscape. Here are some of the key features of Demat accounts:

1.Electronic Holding:

A Demat account allows you to hold securities electronically or digitally. Investors can hold various types of securities, including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), government securities, and more, all within a single Demat account. This electronic holding eliminates the need for physical certificates and provides a secure and convenient way to manage investments.

2.Secure Storage: 

Demat accounts offer a high level of security for holding securities. The risk of loss, theft, or damage associated with physical share certificates is eliminated. The electronic format ensures the integrity and safety of the investor's holdings. Furthermore, Demat accounts are regulated and monitored by depositories and regulatory authorities to ensure the security of investor assets.

3.Online Access:

Demat accounts can be accessed through online platforms provided by brokerage firms and depository participants. This allows investors to conveniently view their holdings, track portfolio performance, and execute transactions online. Online access provides real-time updates, transaction history, and a range of tools and resources for investment analysis and decision-making.

4.Seamless Transactions:

Demat accounts facilitate seamless and efficient transactions. Using online trading platforms, investors can buy or sell securities through their Demat accounts.

 Electronic transfer of securities eliminates the need for physical paperwork and reduces transaction processing time. Investors can place orders, monitor market prices, and execute trades with ease.

5.Dividend and Corporate Action Processing:

Demat accounts streamline the receipt of dividends and other corporate actions. Companies can directly credit dividends, bonus shares, rights issues, and other corporate benefits to the investor's Demat account. This ensures the timely and efficient distribution of such benefits, eliminating the hassle of physical cheques and paperwork.

Benefits of Opening a Demat Account With BlinkX

Demat accounts offer numerous benefits by making it a preferred choice for investors to hold and manage their securities. Here are some of the key benefits of Demat accounts

  • Demat accounts provide a secure way to hold securities electronically. The risk of loss, theft, or damage associated with physical share certificates is eliminated. 
  • Investors can buy or sell securities with ease through online trading platforms, eliminating the need for physical paperwork and manual processes.
  • Investors can view all their holdings in one place, which includes stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and other securities. This simplifies portfolio tracking, analysis, and diversification.
  • The electronic transfer of securities reduces the settlement period, allowing investors to receive the proceeds or securities without delays. 
  • Demat accounts enable investors to participate in initial public offerings (IPOs) and other corporate actions seamlessly. Investors can apply for IPOs online and receive allotted shares directly in their Demat accounts.
  • Demat accounts eliminate the need for physical share certificates and associated paperwork. 
  • Demat accounts allow investors to pledge or lend their securities for various purposes. 

How to Open a Demat Account? 

The first step in opening a demat account is contacting a brokerage, such as BlinkX. You must complete an online account opening form that is completely paperless and takes less than 15 minutes to complete. The steps required to open a demat account with BlinkX are listed below. 

  • Step 1: Enter & verify your mobile number and email ID
  • Step 2: Enter PAN & link your bank account
  • Step 3: Submit documents via Digi locker
  • Step 4: Upload a selfie & signature
  • Step 5: Select plan & eSign

Documents Required To Open a Demat Account

To open a Demat account, certain documents are typically required. The specific document requirements may vary slightly based on the regulations and policies of the Depository Participant (DP) or brokerage firm. Here are the common documents required to open a Demat account

  • Proof of Identity and address: (Aadhaar Card/Voter ID Card/Driving License/Passport)
  • Passport size photographs
  • PAN Card (Permanent Account Number)
  • Proof of income for Future & Options (F&O) Activation
  • Financial Details (Proof of bank account - bank's passbook or account statement)

How Does a Demat Account Work?

Here's a detailed explanation of how a Demat account works:

  • Account Opening

To open a Demat account, an investor needs to approach a Depository Participant (DP) authorised by the central depository, such as the National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) or the Central Depository Services Limited (CDSL). The investor is required to complete the account opening process, which involves filling out the necessary forms, providing identity, and address proofs, and completing the KYC (Know your customer) requirements.

  • Conversion of Physical Certificates

Once the Demat account is opened, the investor can submit physical share certificates or other eligible securities to the DP for dematerialization. The DP verifies the documents and forwards them to the central depository for the dematerialization process.

  • Dematerialisation

The central depository converts the physical certificates into electronic form. The equivalent number of electronic securities is credited to the investor's Demat account. The investor receives an account statement or holding statement as proof of ownership. The Demat account can hold various types of securities, including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, government securities, and more.

  • Holding and Management

The Demat account serves as a consolidated platform for holding and managing securities. Investors can view their holdings, track portfolio performance, and access transaction history through online platforms provided by the DP. The Demat account provides a secure and convenient way to monitor investments.

  • Buying and Selling

Investors can buy or sell securities through their Demat accounts. When an investor wishes to purchase securities, they place an order through their trading account linked to the Demat account. If the order is executed, the purchased securities are credited to their Demat account. Similarly, when the investor sells securities, the corresponding quantity is debited from their Demat account.

Types of Demat Accounts

Demat accounts come in various types to cater to the diverse needs of investors

Regular Demat Account

A regular Demat account is an individual account opened by an individual investor for personal investment purposes. It allows the account holder to hold and manage their securities electronically. This type of account is suitable for retail investors who want to invest in securities for personal investment and trading.

Beneficiary Owner (BO) Demat Account

A Beneficiary Owner Demat account is opened by an investor who wants to hold securities on behalf of someone else, known as the beneficial owner. In this type of account, the beneficial owner is the actual owner of the securities, while the account holder acts as a custodian and manages the securities on their behalf. This type of account is commonly used by financial institutions, brokers, custodians, or investors holding securities for minors or other individuals.

Repatriable Demat Account

Non-resident Indians (NRIs) can open NRI Demat accounts to hold and manage their securities when investing in India. NRIs can open a Repatriable demat account associated with the NRE account.

Non-Repatriable Demat Account

Another option for NRI investors is to open a Non-Repatriable Demat account. A Non-Repatriable Demat account is associated with a Non-resident Ordinary (NRO) bank account.

Tips on How to Choose the Best Demat Account

  • Verify the affordability of the account maintenance fees: Regardless of your transactional activity, yearly fees are required for the maintenance of Demat accounts. Therefore, you must examine the range of fees associated with the Demat account and select the most affordable one.
  • Ask about the procedure for creating an account: The establishment of a Demat account with your DP should be simple and quick. According to SEBI requirements, opening a Demat account is a complicated procedure. With the aid of e-KYC, the depository participant may make it simpler.
  • Search for a smooth link between banking and brokerage: The sale or acquisition of shares and other securities may be easily completed, thanks to the availability of Demat accounts from depository participants that also function as trading accounts. Transactions may be made easier and more reasonably priced with the use of an interface between the two accounts.
  • Verify the DP's availability of specialised analytics for Demat account holdings: You may boost profits by using online analytics that is tailored to your preferred shares and securities, as well as their investing preferences. When selecting the best Demat account, you must look for value adds as mentioned above.  


Understanding the meaning of a Demat account is crucial for modern investors, as it represents the digital transformation of securities, providing a secure and convenient way to hold and manage investments in electronic form. Overall, a Demat account streamlines the process of trading and investment of securities, making it more efficient and secure. As technology continues to advance, the importance of digitalising financial assets becomes even more evident. Now you can supercharge your trading journey with the trading app, offering a seamless interface, advanced analytical tools and real-time market data.

Frequently Asked Questions

A Demat account may typically be opened in 48 to 72 hours.

A Demat account works by converting physical securities, such as share certificates, into electronic form. These electronic securities are held and managed within the Demat account, enabling investors to buy, sell, and transfer securities seamlessly.

There are different types of charges related to your demat account, some of these are maintenance charges for your holdings, transaction charges, and other taxes.

Yes, it is mandatory to have a Demat account to trade in the stock market in electronic form. Physical share certificates are no longer accepted for trading on stock exchanges.

Dematerialisation, often known as "Demat," is the process through which your physical investment securities, such as your stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and other types of securities, are transformed into an electronic or digital version and kept in your Demat account.

Yes, a Demat account allows you to hold a wide range of securities, including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), government securities, and more.

Yes, you can have multiple Demat accounts with different Depository Participants.

With BlinkX, you may establish a Demat account with no account opening fees. Additionally, for a year, there are no Demat Annual Maintenance Charges (AMC).

Anyone of the following people may open a Demat account in India: Individuals that live there Non-resident people HUFs (Hindu Undivided Families) Partnership companies

With the restriction that you cannot open more than one Demat account with the same depository participant, you are permitted to keep several Demat accounts.

Three account holders, including the primary and two secondary holders, make up a combined Demat account. Each of the three must validate a transaction.